Cromwell is executed. The Potato is introduced to Europe. Cyrano de Bergerac dies and the 14th amemendment is passed wihich grants citizenship to ex-slaves.The Metric system is created as is the Hamburger and the Foxtrot. A U.S. bomber crashes into the Empire State Building and Disney"s Alice in Wonderland is released. Birthdays include Earl Tupper, Jacqueline Kennedy Onnassis and Garfield the Cat.
The year is 1540 and Thomas Cromwell, King Henry VIIIís chief minister is executed and Henry marries for the 5th time
1586 Sir Thomas Harriot introduces potatoes to Europe from the Americas .
1655 Cyrano de Bergerac French dramatist/novelist, dies in Paris
1868 The 14th amendment grants citizenship to ex slaves There was much debate at the time about reparations (40 acres and a mule) for the Freedmen
1886 The Metric system becomes a legal measurement (but not mandatory)
1900 the hamburger is created by lunch wagon owner Louis Lassing in Connecticut . Actually there is some controversy over who actually created the hamburger. No, it doesnít include Ray Kroc.
1914 TheFoxtrot 1st danced at New Amsterdam Roof Garden (NYC, by Harry Fox)
1931 Congress makes the Star Spangled Banner our 2nd national anthem. Hereís a conservative site where you can listen to the Anthem while you read the history.
1932 President Hoover evicts the bonus marchers from their encampment in Washington D.C. Hereís a reprint from History magazine promulgating Herbert Hooverís point of view that the March was organized by the Communists and the crowd was made up of criminals and non-veterans who forced the army to use violence in order to maintain order. Sound familiar?
1943 FDR announces end of coffee rationing in US
1945 US Army bomber crashes into 79th floor of Empire State Bldg, 14 die
1951 Walt Disney''s "Alice In Wonderland" released
1965 LBJ increases troop strength in Vietnam from 75 to 125,000. Sec. Of Defense McNamara says the conflict would be over in two years. On this day in 1990 U.S. Ambassador April Glaspie meets with Saddam Hussein. Did she give him the impression that we wouldnít oppose his invasion of Kuwait ? A week later he did invade Kuwait and the rest is history.
1971 Diane Arbus photographer, commits suicide at 48. Both her work and life was filled with controversy.
1977 first oil flows through the Alaska pipeline. Hereís a brief history of pipelines
1855: Louisine Havemeyer born (art collector, philanthropist, suffrage reformer; donated many works including Impressionists to the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York; subject of a painting by Mary Cassatt)
1859: Mary Anderson born (actress)
1866: Beatrix Potter born (writer, illustrator, mycologist)
1874: Alice Duer Miller born (columnist)
1879: Lucy Burns born (suffrage reformer)
1907 Earl Tupper was born. Can you guess his claim to fame. hint; remember Katherine Rossís Fatherís advice to Dustin Hoffman in The Graduate, about going into "plastics."
1908: Dame Annabelle Rankin born (first woman in Australia to be appointed to a cabinet position, to serve as a whip in parliament, and to head a diplomatic mission)
1929: Jacqueline Bouvier Kennedy Onassis born (socialite, First Lady, editor)
1933 crooner Rudy Vallee (1901-1986) delivered the first singing telegram to himself on his own birthday. Actually it is George P. Oslin of Western Union who is the father of the singing telegram.
1944 Jim Davis cartoonist (Garfield the cat). Hereís an article from Slate