1816 American Colonization Society organizes (freeing people of color who ended up in Liberia.
1832 John Calhoun becomes 1st VP to resign (differences with Pres Jackson)
1849 Dry cleaning is discovered when a tailor named. M.Jolly-Bellin accidentally spills turpentine and oil on clothing and sees the effect.
1895 World's 1st movie theater opens in Paris
1912 The first municipally owned streetcars take to the streets in San Francisco, California.. Now they’re the last.
1903 An Electric lamp sets fire to Iroquois theater in Chicago; 602 die
1928 Last recording of Ma Rainey, "Mother of the Blues," made
1928 Louis Armstrong makes 78 recording of "West End blues"
1935 The WPA opens the Federal Art Project Gallery in NYC.
1945 Congress officially recognizes the Pledge of Allegianceoriginally written by a socialist in 1892.
In 1950 Chinese forces cross the 38th parallel into N. Korea.
In 1957 "At the Hop" by Danny and the Juniors hits number 1. Here’s the other hits from the 1950’s
1958 Chipmunks (Alvin, Simon & Theodore with David Seville) hit #1
1967 Muriel Siebert is 1st women to own a seat on NY Stock Exchange
In 1968 "The White Album" by The Beatles goes to #1. Here’s the cover story
1981 The first American test-tube baby, Elizabeth Jordan Carr, is born in Norfolk, Virginia
1984 The Edge of Night Soap opera ends after 28 years.
Those who died on this day include
1945 Theodore Dreiser novelist
1984 Director Sam Peckinpah (The Wild Bunch)
1988 Film Director Hal Ashby .
2004 Susan Sontag, American writer. essayist (b. 1933)
2007 Benazir Bhutto, Pakistani Prime Minister assasinated. (b. 1953)
1763 John Molson founder of Canadian Molson brewery.
1856 The 27th president Woodrow Wilson
1902 Mortimer Adler Phislopher, educator, died in 2001.
1924 TV Genius Rod Serling the twilight zone.
1932 - Nichelle Nichols, American actress and singer sang with Duke Ellington and Count Basie but is best known for her role in Star Trek.