1291 the Sultan of Egypt took the last Christian stronghold of Acre, (Akko) breaking the hold of Christians in the Holy Land.
1804 Napoleon Bonaparte I proclaimed Emperor of France. The coronation was something
1852 Massachusetts ruled all school age children must attend school. Hereís a history of Public education in the US
1899 twenty six countries met in the Hague for the first " Goodwill day" peace conference. Become known as the Hague Peace conferences.
1911 Gustav Mahler Austrian composer (Children's Death Songs), dies at 50
1917 US passes the Selective Service act. Something was happening in Europe which the Hague conferences didnít alleviate.
1926 Evangelist Aimee Semple Mcpherson vanished in California She showed up a month later saying she had been kidnapped.
1927 The Ritz Hotel opens in Boston. Thereís also the Ritz of London. The Ritz of Boston is now the Ritz-Carlton
1927 Grauman's Chinese Theater opens in Hollywood CA
1933 The TVA (Tennessee Valley Authority) was established by FDR.
1934 TWA began commercial flight service. (Transcontinental & Western Air)
1934 Congress approves "Lindbergh Act", makes kidnapping a capital offense
1960 Eileen Fulton begins playing Lisa on As the World Turns (for > 40 plus years) Itís in her contract that she can never become a grandmother
1965 Gene Roddenberry suggests 16 names including Kirk for the Star Trek Captain said to be based on C.S. Foresterís Horatio Hornblower.
1972 Brian Kernighan and Dennis Ritchie develop the C Programming language. Around the same time Wang Laboratories introduces its first small business computer, the 2200 series.
1972 "Me & The Chimp" last airs on CBS-TV. From famous TV flops.
1973 Jeanette Rankin died . She was the first woman elected to the U.S. Congress; suffragist, peace activist)
1974 India becomes a nuclear power exploding itís first bomb.
1980 Mt. St. Helens blew its top, killing 57 people, leveled 230 square miles of timber and sent up a cloud of ash that circled the globe.
1982 Unification Church founder Reverend Sun Myung Moon convicted of tax evasion and sentanced to 13 months in prison.
1991 Helen Sharman became the first British astronaut
1995 Elizabeth Montgomery actress (Bewitched), dies of cancer at 62
1851 Marie Josepha Mergler physician, surgeon at the Pioneering Womenís hospital medical college
1852 Gertrude Stanton Kšsebier (photographer)
1869 Rachelle Yarros (physician, reformer, Hull House resident)
1872 Bertrand Russell English mathematician/philosopher (Nobel prize 1950)
1897 Frank Capra very few directors have words coined from their names to describe their style. "Capra-esque."
1911 Big Joe Turner Kansas City MO, blues singer (Corrine Corrina, Shake Rattle & Roll)
- 1934 From the whatever happened to section, today is Dwayne Hickmanís birthday. Who? Remember The Many Lives Of Dobie Gillis. 1959-1963. His sidekick was Maynard G. Krebs played by Bob Denver.
- Quote for Today
From the first days of dawning individuality, I have longed unceasingly to make pictures of people... to bring out in each photograph the essential personality that is variously called temperament, soul, humanity.
- -- Gertrude Stanton Kšsebier