1788 The U.S. Constitution goes into effect with the ratification by the 9th State New Hampshire. Click here for delving deeper into the workings and proposals of theConstitutional Convention
1821 African Methodist Episcopal Zion (AMEZ) Church organized in NYC
1869 Richard Wagner’s opera "Die Meistersinger" is produced in Munich.
1893 The first Ferris wheel premieres (Chicago's Columbian Exposition)
1879 F.W. Woolworth opens his first store. The Store failed so he moved the location. For more history
1894 Workers in Pittsburgh strike Pullman sleeping car company
1923 Marcus Garvey is sentenced to 5 years for using the mail to defraud. Here’s the speech he gave prior to incarceration The fraud involved selling stock in the Black Star Shipping line
1943 Federal troops put down racial riot in Detroit 30 dead. The Arsenal of Democracy became a powder keg.
1948 Dr Peter Goldmark of CBS demonstrates the "long playing record"
Columbia commits to 33 1/3 rpm records and plans to phase out 78's
1948 the first stored Computer program runs on the Manchester Mark I.
1956 playwright Arthur Miller refuses to name names at the HUAC hearings
1963 the French withdraw from Nato.developing a nuclear deterrent.
1964 three civil rights workers (Goodman, Schwerner and Chaney) disappear. in Mississippi during Freedom Summer.
1982 Princess Diana Gave Birth to her first son, William.
1983 John Hinckley is found not guilty in the shooting of President Ronald Reagan by reason of insanity.
1985 experts in San Paolo, Brazil conclusively identify the remains of the so called " angel of death" the Nazi Joseph Mengele
1997 Women’s National Basketball Association (WNBA) began first season
1851 Lillias Horton Underwood (physician, and influential Korean missionary)
1855 Mary Salome Cutler Fairchild (librarian who pioneered services for the blind.
1877 Mary Cromwell Jarrett (nurse, educator, social work pioneer at Smith College)
1905 Jean-Paul Sartre French existentialist philosopher. Won a Nobel in 1964 which he declined.
1912 Mary McCarthy (writer, critic)
1921 Jane Russell actress full-figured gal (The Outlaw)
1931 Margaret M. Heckler R. politician from Mass. Served in the house for 8 terms.and Sec.Health and Human Services.
1953 Benazir Bhutto first female leader (recently assassinated) of a Moslem nation (Pakistan)